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Top Political Science mcqs

Top Political Science MCQ |

MCQ Question And Answer Indian Political Thought II, Global Politics since 1945 , SAMPLE QUESTIONS FOR (B.A).

Who wrote ‘From Socialism to Sarvodaya’ ?

Ans. Jayaprakash Narayan.

Whose name is associated with the ‘League of Radical Congressmen’?

Ans. RDP evolved out of the League of Radical Congressmen, which had been founded in 1939 by former Communist International leader M.N. Roy.

At whose initiative ‘Indian Renaissance Institute’ was established ?

Ans. Raja Rammohan Roy.

Who wrote ‘The High Caste Hindu Woman’ ? 

Ans. Pandita Ramabai.

Who established ‘Sharada Sadan’ ? 

Ans. Pandita Ramabai.

Who wrote ‘Gulamgiri’ ? 

Ans.  Jyotirao Phule.

Who wrote ‘Brahmanache Kasab’ ?

Ans. Jyotirao Phule.

What is the Truman Doctrine ?

Ans. The policy announced by US President Harry Mann (March 12, 1948) to prevent the spread of communist ideology in Soviet Russia is known as Truman. 

What is the Marshall Plan ? 

Ans. The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative enacted in 1948 to provide foreign aid to Western Europe.

What is the significance of the Berlin crisis in the Cold War ?

Ans. The Berlin Wall would prevent the West from having further influence on the East, stop the flow of migrants out of the communist sector, and ultimately become the most iconic image of the Cold War in Europe. The United States quickly condemned the wall, which divided families and limited freedom of movement.

Explain the significance of détente in the Cold War ?

Ans. détente, period of the easing of Cold War tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union from 1967 to 1979. The era was a time of increased trade and cooperation with the Soviet Union and the signing of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) treaties.

What was the New Cold War ?

Ans. The Second Cold War, Cold War II, or the New Cold War, are terms that refer to heightened political, social, ideological, informational and military tensions in the 21st century between the United States and China.

What were the arms limitation treaties which were signed during detente ?

Ans. SALT I is considered the crowning achievement of the Nixon-Kissinger strategy of détente. The ABM Treaty limited strategic missile defences to 200 interceptors each and allowed each side to construct two missile defence sites, one to protect the national capital, the other to protect one ICBM field.

Who is the current President of the World Bank ?

Ans. David Malpass.

Where is ASEAN headquartered ?

Ans. Jakarta, Indonesia.

Name the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council ?

Ans. The UN Charter of 1945 grants a permanent seat on the UN Security Council: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Who gave the theory of Two Swords and when ?

Ans. The Principles were expressed in a form which was the common property of early mediaeval thinkers by Pope Gelasius I (492 – 496) . It was called the theory of two swords on the basis of an incident recorded in Luke 22: 38 when Jesus replied to the disciples who had two swords with them,

What did the Two Swords refer to ?

Ans. The “two swords” doctrine came to mean that the pope possessed both swords, but had granted the temporal sword to rulers; therefore, the papacy had the right to depose kings and emperors.

Mention two thinkers who supported the Pope in the church-state controversy ?

Ans. Pope Gregory VII (1073–85), King Henry IV (1056–1105/6).

Who among the mediaeval thinkers combined Aristotle and Christianity in his theory? 

Ans. Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225–74).

Mention any one feature of the Renaissance.

Ans. Characteristics of the Renaissance include a renewed interest in classical antiquity.

Why is Machiavelli considered a Renaissance Man ?

Ans. Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) is considered a “Renaissance Man” due in no small part to the fact that lived during the Renaissance era of European history, a period that spanned the 14th through 17th centuries,

How did Machiavelli describe human nature ?

Ans. According to Machiavelli human nature is completely selfish and full of ego and that they always think about their own self interest like the masses desire safety and security and the ruler wants power, and that they are very selfish to gain and conquer their motives.

What is meant by ‘selling of indulgences’?

Ans. One particularly well-known Catholic method of exploitation in the Middle Ages was the practice of selling indulgences, a monetary payment of penalty which, supposedly, absolved one of past sins and/or released one from purgatory after death.

How did the Renaissance affect Reformation ?

Ans. In addition, the Renaissance involved ideas of humanism, centered on the concerns of humans, and away from religion. These ideas, which surfaced in art, also weakened the hold of the Roman Catholic church on society and led people to question authority, part of what caused the Protestant Reformation. 

Who were the Anabaptists ?

Ans. The Anabaptists were one of the groups that arose from the religious reform movements of the 16th century. The origins of the group can be traced back to the ideas of Ulrich Zwingli, a Swiss Christian reformer.

Who spoke of creating a ‘new man’ ?

Ans. Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche’s concept of an Übermensch (“Overman”).

Who wrote the ‘republic’ ?

Ans. Plato.

Who wrote ‘Politics’ ?

Ans. Aristotle.

What according to Aristotle is the best form of Constitution ?

Ans. Aristocracy, in theory, is the next-best constitution after monarchy.

Who wrote ‘Two Treatises of Government’ ?

Ans. John Locke.

Who wrote ‘Discourse on Inequality’ ?

Ans. Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

What is a government bill ?

Ans. A government bill is a written legislative initiative submitted to Parliament by the government for approval, and possibly for amendment, before becoming law.

What is a private member bill ?

Ans. A member of parliament (MP) who is not a minister is a private member. The Bills introduced by private members are referred to as Private.

How many types of committees are there in Parliament ?

Ans. The Parliamentary committees are of two kinds – standing or permanent committees and ad hoc committees.

Mention four important Standing Committees of Parliament.

Ans. 1. Committee on Commerce – Chairman of Rajya Sabha.

2. Committee on Defence – Speaker of Lok Sabha.

3. Committee on Energy – Speaker of Lok Sabha.

4. Committee on External Affairs – Speaker of Lok Sabha.

What are the three finance-related Standing Committees of the Parliament ?

Ans. Financial standing committees (FSC) Department related standing committees (DRSC) Other standing committees (OSC).

How do Standing Committees differ from Ad-Hoc Committees ?

Ans. Standing Committees and Ad Hoc Committees. The Standing Committees are constituted every year or frequently and they work on a continuous basis. Ad hoc committees are temporary and created for specific tasks. Once that task is completed, the ad hoc committees cease to exist.

Who are the members of the Public Accounts Committee ?

Ans. The current PAC is headed by Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury since July, 2019 after Mallikarjun Kharge, who was leader of INC in the Lok Sabha. He was re-appointed to a second term in May 2018.

Mention any two functions of the PAC or Estimates Committee.

Ans. To report what economies, improvements in organisation, efficiency or administrative reform.

How many Department related standing committees are there today ?

Ans. There are 24 department-related standing committees (DRSCs). Each of these committees have 31 members – 21 from Lok Sabha and 10 from Rajya Sabha.

Which is the lowest unit of the local rural government in India ?

Ans. Gram Sabha.

When was the Balwant Rai G. Mehta Committee formed ?

Ans. 16 January 1957.

When and where was the first municipal corporation set up in India ?

Ans. In 1687, the first municipal corporation in India was set up at Madras.

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